SHOAIB DANIYAL | FOR some time now, the Bharatiya Janata Party has been on the lookout for historical icons. After building an impressive present as India’s largest party, it is only natural that it would now look to construct a notable past. Given the colossal role that the Congress played in the freedom struggle, the…
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Awami League President Sheikh Hasina has led her party to a third consecutive win in parliamentary polls, securing two–thirds majority in yesterday’s election held in an atmosphere dominated by the ruling party men.
Hasina is set to become the prime minister for the third straight time — an unprecedented feat in the country’s history.
Under her leadership, the Awami League won more than two–thirds majority in the 2008 national polls, handing a humiliating defeat to its arch–rival BNP. And Hasina became the PM for a second term.
She was sworn in as the prime minister for the first time in 1996, steering her party to power after a long gap of 21 years.
In 2014, her party retained power, securing a landslide victory in the polls boycotted by the BNP–led alliance.
BNP–led Jatiya Oikya Front and 20–party alliance fared poorly, prompting a call for a fresh election. The Jatiya Party, which performed better than the BNP, is set to emerge as the main opposition in the new parliament
The opposition combine was agitating for restoration of the polls–time caretaker government system scrapped during the Awami League government’s tenure in 2011.
This time the BNP, with it’s Chairperson Khaleda Zia in prison, joined the polls under the Hasina–led government though its demands for a non–partisan administration and dissolution of the current parliament before the polls were not met.
The results show the BNP–led Jatiya Oikya Front and 20–party alliance fared poorly, prompting a call for a fresh election.
The Jatiya Party, which performed better than the BNP, is set to emerge as the main opposition in the new parliament.
The JP is also the main opposition in the current parliament. It joined the Awami League led grand alliance last month to contest this election.
Opposition men were harassed and harried by law enforcers in the days and weeks running up to the election, it was too much to expect for any opposition men to approach the voting centres yesterday. No one wanted to be polling agents for the opposition amid the spectre of arrests
The atmosphere was peaceful. Festoons fluttered everywhere, even obscuring the sky. People walked to the polling stations from early morning.
Polling agents and party men in their hundreds roamed the alleys and sub–alleys. Party men with ID cards dangling from their neck sat lazily and gossiped by the voting centres. Security forces patrolled, but that was not necessary as peace prevailed.
Everything was fine except that it was a one–sided story all over. The festoons were of the ruling Awami League. The hundreds of polling agents and party men who thronged the voting centres all belonged to the Awami League or components of the alliance it leads.
Polling agents of neither the BNP nor its allies were seen in 196 polling centres only in Dhaka city and 250 centres in 25 districts.
In an election, polling agents play a vital role in checking fake voting and fraud in ballot counting.
Later in the evening, the Oikya Front, an alliance of the BNP and several other opposition parties, demanded that the Election Commission immediately scrap yesterday’s “farcical polls” and hold a fresh election under a non–partisan interim government.
“We reject the so–called results. At the same time, we demand fresh polls under a non–partisan government,” Jatiya Oikya Front Convener Dr Kamal Hossain said at a press conference at his house.
The Left Democratic Alliance (LDA), comprising eight left–leaning political parties, also rejected the election results and demanded fresh polls.
However, EC Secretary Helaluddin Ahmed seemed buoyant at the end of the polling hours and claimed that the election was peaceful and hugely participatory.
The Awami League also expressed similar views, and said the polls proved that a “free and fair” election was possible under a partisan government.
But BNP Secretary General Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir told reporters, “Our polling agents were deployed in almost all polling centres but they were driven out by ruling party men and law enforcers.
Polling agents of neither the BNP nor its allies were seen in 196 polling centres only in Dhaka city and 250 centres in 25 districts. In an election, polling agents play a vital role in checking fake voting and fraud in ballot counting
“Many were arrested while many others were attacked. Our candidates repeatedly informed the election officials and law enforcement agencies about it but they did not take any action,” he alleged.
Yesterday, there was festivity also, but it was a one–sided overwhelming show of strength that had caused an enforced absence of the opposition. It seemed no party other than the ruling Awami League was contesting the polls. A contest with itself, probably.
The scene though was not surprising altogether.
After the fashion in which the opposition men were harassed and harried by law enforcers in the days and weeks running up to the election, it was too much to expect for any opposition men to approach the voting centres yesterday. No one wanted to be polling agents for the opposition amid the spectre of arrests.
Other strange symptoms were visible too.
The voters were greeted by smiling Awami League men at the centres and escorted inside where voters waited in long queues that moved at a snail’s pace. But inside the polling rooms, there was hardly anything to justify the slow process of voting.
PM Modi also reiterated the priority India attaches to Bangladesh as a neighbour, a close partner for regional development, security and cooperation, and a central pillar in India’s “Neighbourhood First” policy
Around 9:30am at Anandamoyi Girls High School centre in Dhaka–7, a voter was complaining about the absence of the BNP candidate’s polling agents. Within moments, a group of Awami League men stormed the centre, and dragged the voter away by the collar.
The presiding officer concerned was present at the spot and watched it happen. He asked reporters to leave.
At Satarkul Government Primary School centre in Dhaka–11, Awami League supporters were found compelling voters to cast ballots for “boat” in front of them around 10:30am.
Asked why no step was taken to stop it, Presiding Officer AKM Humayun Kabir said he would take immediate action.
At some centres where electronic voting was introduced for the first time, ruling party men, in many instances, stood in front of the voters, overseeing who they voted for.
Dhaka may have passed a peaceful day. But in pockets outside Dhaka, violence flared where the opposition wanted to put up resistance, leaving at least 18 people, mostly Awami League men, dead.
Incidents of ballot stuffing and intimidation of voters and the opposition men by ruling party supporters were reported from many districts.
As the day wore on, more than 50 opposition candidates gave up and withdrew from the race by noon, making it all the more a one–party affair.
The Oikya Front, however, kept its promise as it did not quit the race.
In the 2014 election, the BNP–led alliance boycotted the race, saying a free and fair election was not possible under a party government.
“We welcome the successful completion of the Parliamentary elections in Bangladesh. India warmly congratulates the people of Bangladesh for reaffirming their faith in democracy, development and the vision of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman”.
Spoke to Sheikh Hasina Ji and congratulated her on the resounding victory in the Bangladesh elections.
Wished her the very best for the tenure ahead.
— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) December 31, 2018
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has telephoned Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina earlier this morning to convey his heartiest congratulations on the decisive results of the election. He expressed confidence that the partnership between India and Bangladesh will continue to flourish under her far–sighted leadership. PM Modi also reiterated the priority India attaches to Bangladesh as a neighbour, a close partner for regional development, security and cooperation, and a central pillar in India’s “Neighbourhood First” policy.
Sheikh Hasina thanked Prime Minister Modi for being the first leader to call her to convey congratulations. She also thanked India for their consistent and generous support which has benefited Bangladesh’s development, and appreciated PM’s reiteration of this commitment.
The conversation was very cordial, fully reflecting the close and traditionally friendly relations between India and Bangladesh.” ■