China adopts deep seafloor exploration

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China’s top legislature passed the country’s first law on deep seafloor resource exploration to protect maritime environment and ensure sustainable exploitation. The legislation was adopted after a second reading at the bimonthly session of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC).

The support ship Xiangyanghong 09 of China's deep-sea manned submersible Jiaolong, is seen in southwestern Indian Ocean on Jan 29, 2015. Photo Xinhua

The support ship Xiangyanghong 09 of China’s deep-sea manned submersible Jiaolong, is seen in southwestern Indian Ocean on Jan 29, 2015.                    Photo: Xinhua

The government encourages and supports international cooperation on exploration, exploitation and surveys of deep seafloor resources, in addition to boosting joint efforts on environmental protection, scientific research and educational training, according to the legislation.

Exploration and development should be peaceful and cooperative, in addition to protecting the maritime environment and safeguarding the common interests of mankind, it stipulates.

China is a signatory to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which states that international seabed’s and their resources are the common property of mankind.

The legislation, which will come into force on May 1, also mandates the government to formulate plans and roll out measures to promote scientific and technological research and surveys of resources.

According to the law, the nation will protect the rightful interests of Chinese citizens and organizations in their search for resources and in deep sea surveys.

Credit: Xinhua

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