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Chinese and Indian archaeologists are currently discussing a cultural cooperation project in the birthplace of Buddhism.
The Institute of Archaeology under the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences will collaborate with Indian archaeologists at key sites in Sarnath, India. The project is expected to include excavations, cultural relics protection, and safety monitoring and control, Wang Wei, director of the institute, told. Sarnath, in northern state of Uttar Pradesh in India, is where Buddha gave his first sermon and is considered one of the most important holy sites by Buddhists.
“We are very excited because our archaeologists will be finally able to look for, and may later touch and protect Indian relics that they have only seen in books,” said Wang.
Sanjay Kumar Manjul, director of the Institute of Archaeology under the Archaeological Survey of India, voiced strong support for the project, which is expected to begin in November and last until 2020.
We are two neighbors with a long history of cultural, spiritual and economic ties, and I believe this project will strengthen our connection
Another project, focusing on relics at Rakhigarhi, west of New Delhi, the site of one of the largest Indus Valley Civilization settlements, will also be launched.
“We are two neighbors with a long history of cultural, spiritual and economic ties, and I believe this project will strengthen our connection,” he said.
The director explained that during the first millennium, many Chinese scholars and monks traveled to India, including Xuan Zang and Yi Jing, who attended Nalanda University in Bihar, north India.
“The detailed accounts of their journeys are an important resource for historians, archaeologists, Buddhologists and those interested in studying cross-cultural interactions in the pre-modern world. On the basis of these records, archaeologists have explored several Buddhist sites in India,” he said.
Indian archaeologists have been excavating at Sarnath since the late 19th century, and a considerable number of temple relics and statues have been discovered. However, they have yet to be dated.
Another mystery Wang is interested in is the connection between Buddha statues from the Gupta Dynasty, discovered in Sarnath, and similar items made in China during the Beiqi Dynasty (550-577).
“The relationship between these relics may tell us something new about the spread of Buddhism in China,” said Wang.
The project will feature some of the world’s leading archeological technology, including three-dimensional remote sensing and three-dimensional imaging systems, as well as advanced indoor testing and analysis techniques, said Wang.